Demetre Chiparus (Romanian, 1886–1947) “The Dolly Sisters”

Demétre Haralamb Chiparus (16 September 1886 – 22 January 1947) was a Romanian Art Deco era sculptor who lived and worked in Paris, France. He was one of the most important sculptors of the Art Deco era. Life Demétre H. Chiparus, also known as Dumitru Chipăruş, was born in Dorohoi, Romania, the son of Haralamb and Saveta Chiparus. In 1909 he went to Italy, where he attended the classes of Italian sculptor Raffaello Romanelli. In 1912 he traveled to Paris to attend the Ecole des Beaux Arts to pursue his art at the classes of Antonin Mercie and Jean Boucher. Demétre Chiparus died in 1947, suffering a stroke on returning from studying animals at the zoo in Vincennes. He was buried in Bagneux Cemetery, just south of Paris. Early career The first sculptures of Chiparus were created in the realistic style and were exhibited at the Salon of 1914. He employed the combination of bronze and ivory, called chryselephantine, to great effect. Most of his renowned works were made between 1914 and 1933. The first series of sculptures manufactured by Chiparus were the series of the children. Later career The mature style of Chiparus took shape beginning in the 1920s. His sculptures are remarkable for their bright and outstanding decorative effect. Dancers of the Russian Ballet, French theatre,[1] and early motion pictures were among his more notable subjects and were typified by a long, slender, stylized appearance. His work was influenced by an interest in Egypt, after Pharaoh Tutankhamen's tomb was excavated. Chiparus created one of the most iconic bronzes in 1928 called “Danseuse au cerceau” or “Ring Dancer” inspired in the famous and prodigious dancer Zoula de Boncza of the Parisian “Folies Bergere”, a first dancer of The Belgrado Royal Opera and a Mime dancer of “l'Opéra-Comique” in Paris. Later in life Zoula de Boncza, a descendant of Polish nobility and one of Loie Fuller best students, created a book published in 1961: the dance method “La Danse classique sans barre”. The book was published with texts from Eugène de Rijac and Illustrations by Alexandre Berlant and Yvonne Breton. He worked primarily with the Edmond Etling and Cie Foundry in Paris administrated by Julien Dreyfus. Les Neveux de J. Lehmann was the second foundry who constantly worked with Chiparus and produced the sculptures cast from his models. He based many of his works on the ballet and the theatre, one particular theme being the Ballets Russes from which resulted “The Russian Dancers” depicting Vaslav Nijinsky and Ida Rubenstein in that role in Schéhérazade.

Dimensions: 17in. x 15in.


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